A LASIK surgery procedure is designed to reduce or eliminate the need for glasses or contacts. An excimer laser gently reshapes the cornea with computer-controlled precision to correct nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism. To be considered a candidate, you must be at least 18 years old, have healthy eyes and a stable eye prescription for the last twelve months
Many patients are surprised to not feel any pain with their LASIK surgery. Prior to surgery you may be given a mild sedative to help you relax. Anesthetic drops are used to numb the eye before LASIK eye surgery begins and during the laser correction you may feel a light pressure sensation. After your procedure, your eye may feel a bit irritated for a few hours and most patients are quite comfortable after taking a short nap. You will be prescribed drops for your eyes to provide comfort and healing in the days following your surgery.
There are minimal restrictions in the first weeks following LASIK. Many patients are able to resume normal activities the following day. Vision results from LASIK can vary, but most patients are able to see clearly 24-48 hours after surgery. Further vision improvement may continue over several months. Your doctor will recommend avoiding certain activities, like swimming or contact sports for several weeks.
Most cataracts develop slowly over time and affect people over age 50. About half of the people has a cataract by age of 65, and nearly everyone over a age of 75 has at least a mild cataract in one or both eyes.In rare cases, infants can have congenital cataracts. These usually are related to the mother having German measles, chickenpox, or another infectious disease during pregnancy; but sometimes they are inherited.